Are You Ready To Purchase A Rental Property?

It is no secret that owning a quality rental property can completely transform your portfolio. Not only does it give you the ability to generate monthly cash flow but you can also realize long term appreciation. As obvious as this may be not every investor is willing to pursue rental properties. They are influenced by negatives stories associated with rent collection, property damage and eviction. However if you understand that these are much more the exception rather than the norm you may be ready to dive right in. Before starting your rental property search there are a few things you need to get in order first. These will determine where, when, how and even if rental properties are a good fit for your business. If you are interested in rental properties here are five important things you need to consider.

Goals.
Does a rental property fit with what you want to do with your real estate business? If you have limited capital and are only interested in short term projects you may not want to have your money tied up in a long term rental property. Things can always change down the road but as of right now a rental property may not be for you. On the flip side if you aren’t interested in going from property to property a rental property may be ideal. With any rental property purchase you should be prepared to give it at least a few years. You are not buying for immediate appreciation and would be content to earn off the monthly cash flow provided. You should plan on having your money tied up for the foreseeable future in addition to having surplus capital available for the property. If you are on board with this long term view than you should start your rental property search.

Property Type
There are several different types of rental properties. Even though the most common type is the single family there are other options available. As you consider getting started you should think about which option is best for you. There are fairly distinct pros and cons associated with each individual property type. A single family property has less overhead and is easier to manage. The downside is that with only one tenant you are putting all your eggs in one basket. A two family property offers twice as many options to generate income but also has twice as many tenants to deal with. Once you cross over to four units you enter the world of commercial properties. This has a different set of financing guidelines as well as increased management challenges. There is no right or wrong type of rental property only what fits your budget and your business. Take some time to research all of these options and what is works best for your market.

Financing
There is a big difference in purchasing a property as an investment and one as a primary residence. With a primary residence you can take advantage of a number of minimal down payment programs. For an investment property you need anywhere between ten and twenty percent of the purchase price. Obviously this can be a significant chunk of change that does not include any closing costs or property taxes. While there have been some changes to other loan programs the investor programs have not changed too much in the past few years. You will not find a non-owner occupied program for less than ten percent down payment, with twenty percent a more likely scenario. These guidelines will change dramatically if you start looking at commercial and mixed use properties. The credit score requirements will be stronger and the down payment amounts slightly higher. Whatever type of properties you are interested in you need to have your financing in place first.

Management
How do you plan on managing the property? If you feel that management is something you can do you should know exactly what you are getting into. You will have to do everything from finding tenants to handling maintenance calls. You will chase rent checks every month and deal with every issue with the property. On the flip side if you simply want to purchase the property and collect rent checks you need to find a property manager. A property manager typically takes 10% of the monthly rent received. This has to be factored into your monthly cash flow calculations and projections. Whatever type of property you buy and whatever market it is in you need to have a management plan in place well before you make any offer.

Expenses/Reserves
You can figure out how much money you will need to purchase but once you take ownership you are not out of the woods. Even if the property is turnkey and you don’t need to make any major upgrades you still need reserves to run the property. Without reserves in place you will not be able to deal with property issues when they come your way. Instead of taking care of things the right way you will put a band aid on them and only make them worse. It is also important that you know all of the monthly expenses that are involved. Hidden expenses such as lawn care and snow removal have a huge impact on your cash flow.

Owning a rental property will impact your business today and well into the future. These five areas will give you a good idea of whether or not you are ready to take the step to rental property ownership.

What You Need To Consider If You Are Buying A Rental Property

There are many investors who are on the fence when it comes to buy and hold real estate. For every five investors who recognize the upside that rental property provides there are a few that focus on the negatives. Between dealing with tenants, handling maintenance issues and protecting your property being a landlord certainly has its share of potential problems. However on the flip side a good rental property in the right location can provide short term income as well as long term appreciation. Building a portfolio requires the assistance of a strong team around you. Additionally there are a few items you should have in place on your end before you start your rental property search. If you have thought about buying a rental property here are a few key items you need to have in place.

Financing. The first step in any purchase is finding financing. The financing for a rental property is different than an owner occupied property. For starters the down payment requirement is much greater. Depending on the number of units you will need anywhere between 20-30% down payment. The greater number of units the higher the down payment. There are also higher credit score requirements for investment properties. Typically the credit score needs to be at least over 700 with a 720 the minimum with some lenders. It is also not enough to have the funds available to close. They need to be in your bank account for at least 60 days. Any large deposits and withdrawals must be verified and accounted for. While long term interest rates are appealing the first step is securing financing.

Management. Before you make the commitment to buy a rental property you need to know how you plan on managing it. Regardless if you are looking at your first single family rental or have an existing portfolio property management is the key to success. With management there are a few ways to go about it. The first is to manage the property yourself. The positive is that you can save roughly 10% of the rental fee every month. This can add up to a large sum of money over the course of the year. The downside is that you need to be on call at all times. You will be the one that has to deal with maintenance issues, complaints and coordinating repairs. The alternative to self-managing is to hire a dedicated property manager. They will allow you to focus on other areas of the business. You will still have to pay for maintenance but they will make the phone calls and get the work done. There are pros and cons with both methods but you whatever you decide you need strong property management.

Attorney. You can do everything right on your transaction but if you don’t close it won’t make a difference. A good attorney can often times single handedly save your deal. They are the last line of defense between the seller and their attorney. They are the one that will smooth out any issues and protect you at all times. Your attorney is too important not to spend time finding the right one. You want to choose a good local attorney that practices real estate. They should also have a dedicated paralegal who is easy to reach and responds right away. Another key function your attorney serves is to prepare or review the lease. Your lease is the document that protects you and the property once you find a tenant. A poor lease with generic language opens the door to litigation and lawsuit. A good attorney will point out any holes your lease may have and offer ways to fix them.

Insurance Agent. Besides your lease the only other document you have to protect yourself is your homeowner’s policy. In the same way as your lease you should spend the extra time, and money, to get the coverage that serves the property best. You may be able to save some money on the premium or the coverage but this can end up backfiring. Pinching pennies monthly can cost you thousands if there is tenant injury or damage to the property. If you plan on buying multiple properties your insurance agent can find the best policy for the individual property. This can not only save you time but can give you the peace of mind in knowing that you are protected for whatever comes your way.

Maintenance. If you plan on doing any of the property management on your own you need to be proactive in finding help. Start by reaching out to a general handy-person. This should be someone that can handle the minor items from clogged toilets to changing the locks. You also need to find people that can handle the landscaping and snow removal. At almost every point in the year one or the other will need to get done. By waiting to the last minute to find a snow removal company you can end up costing yourself hundreds more over the course of the season. You should also find someone to remove the leaves in the gutter, perform checks on the furnace and update the HVAC. The better prepared you are the easier it is to own rental property.

The landlords that typically run into trouble are those that do not have a plan before they start. Get your team in place prior to starting your rental property search.

“Winterizing” Your Rental Property

Even though fall is just a few months old it is never too early to think about winter. As a rental property owner you need to do everything you can to protect your investment.  There is no season that can produce greater wear and tear on your rental property than winter.  One frozen pipe will cause severe damage that will be costly and time consuming to fix.  Additionally there are several seemingly minor actions you can take that will save your tenants money and increase the useful life of your property.  Providing seasonal maintenance to a rental property is always important but no time more important than in the winter.  Here are a few things you need to do to your rental property before winter hits.

  • Furnace. No landlord wants to deal with tenant issues in the middle of winter. Season maintenance won’t provide all of the cures but it will certainly go a long way. Instead of trying to squeeze every possible hour from your furnace you should take a proactive approach. By getting the furnace updated every winter you can easily add years to its life. Cleaning the pipes and changing the filter may not seem like a big deal but they are. There are plenty of landlords who balk at paying a few hundred dollars every year for something that doesn’t produce a direct benefit. You can either spend a few hundred dollars in November or be stuck with a much bigger problem in the middle of winter. These problems can be compounded if you do not have anyone you can call in a pinch. Regardless of the types of tenants you have the furnace will be used almost every day from mid-November to mid-March. Before the furnace gets used the first time you need to get it serviced.
  • Check Out The Attic. One of the most under appreciated aspects of heating efficiency is insulation. If your tenants have complained about the house not being as warm as they like you should take a look at the attic. For starters you should check the insulation itself and make sure you have enough installed. While you are up there you should also check if there are any cracks or gaps that could be stealing heat. If you do not know what you are looking for there are several people who you can hire to take a look. While heat rises it can also be going right out of your attic if you are not careful.
  • Doors And Windows. Prior to any snow or extreme weather you should take a walk around your rental and check out all of the doors and windows. Many times something minor like the space under the front door can have a major impact on the room temperature. Take a look at any door entry ways in addition to the garage door. A space at the bottom of the garage door can have a bigger impact than you think. You also want to look for any cracks in the windows. Replacing a crack can be a relatively easy fix if you catch it in time.
  • Gutters. If you think that not cleaning out your gutters isn’t a big deal think again. All it takes is one season of leaves to turn a small issue into a bigger one. When your gutters get clogged the water has nowhere to go. This becomes an issue after a few significant snow storms and the temperature begins to drop. The gutters will eventually become packed with snow and eventually frozen. If the snow is significant enough the gutters will begin to sag and possible fall off the house. This can be a nightmare to fix with a foot of snow in the front yard. It can also lead to water buildup on the roof that could possible turn to a leak in your living room. If you don’t get your gutters cleaned you are asking for trouble.
  • Miscellaneous. After you get your furnace service you should make sure everything is running smoothly. Walk around to all of the air ducts and make sure that the heat is coming out. It is not uncommon for there to be minor blocks that disrupt the flow of heat. You also may want to check the insulation in the garage. Older garages with poor circulation can often lead to frozen pipes. A front pipe in the garage typically means no water in a bedroom or bathroom. If your property has central air it is a good idea to buy a cover and cover it up for the winter. It is little things like these that go a long way in heating efficiency.

Now is a good time to get on the same page with your tenant. Discuss your snow removal policy and make sure there are no questions at all.  If your tenant thinks the driveway will be plowed every inch of snow they may be in for a surprise.  You should also ask that they inform you if they plan on being away from the house for any extended period of time.  Just a few days of cold weather can cause the pipes to freeze.  If the house is heated by oil you need to remind them that if it gets too low the heat will not work.  It is their responsibility to stay on top of the oil level. It is always better to deal with potential weather issues now than when they actually happen.

By protecting your property in the winter months your tenants will be happy which leads to longer rents which makes your life as a landlord much easier. Now is the time to consider simple winter property maintenance.

 

5 Tips To Help Get Your Flip Sold Quickly

As a house flipper your job isn’t over until the property is sold. You can do great rehab work but until you are at the closing table there is still more to be done.  Every day that you own the property you are on the hook for the carrying costs and other expenses.  It is not an exaggeration to say that with a rehab time really does equal money.  Additionally having capital tied up in one property may prevent you from purchasing others.  You want to get every property sold as quickly as possible but even more so with fix and flip properties.  Here are five tips to help get your rehab sold quickly.

  • Use A Real Estate Agent. There is a difference in getting a job done and getting it done right. Speed and efficiency are the name of the game when it comes to getting your property sold. You may consider selling your home on your own and saving some money but you are giving up much more than you are getting. Selling a home yourself is a lot more work than you may think. Not only do you have to find creating ways of marketing the property but you need to make yourself available for all showings. There are times in your business when it pays to use a professional and selling your home is one of them. Not only does a real estate agent know how to market your property but they have established contacts in the area. These contacts are vital in helping generate interest and creating a buzz. They can show the property quickly and answer any questions a buyer may have about the market. You may be able to get your property sold but if you want it done quickly you need to enlist the services of a real estate agent.
  • Price Right. The first item any prospective buyer notices is the price. The property may sparkle from floor to ceiling but it doesn’t necessarily mean buyers are willing to pay a premium. If you truly want a quick sale you need to price in line with what is on the market. Don’t just look for the highest comparable sale and base your list price off of that. Trying to shoot for the moon and squeeze every dollar often has a negative effect. A property that is listed too high from the start may not even be looked at. Gone are the days where you can list high and hope to get offers. If you out-price your market prospective buyers will look for more affordable market options regardless of the quality of your work. Always take in account what is currently on your market or sold within the last sixty days as you think about where to list your property.
  • Evaluate Weekly. The first few days after your property is listed should be a pretty good indicator of demand. There is no better way to tell if you have listed at the right price than by listening to the market. If there are limited showings it can be viewed as a sign that you may have listed too high or there is an issue with the marketing. If buyers have flooded the property without offers there may be a problem with the presentation or something inside the property. In a quick sale situation every week can feel like months. You should huddle with your real estate agent weekly to get a sense of what is going on. If you feel that marketing needs to be ramped up you can talk about alternatives. If there needs to be a price reduction you should be ready to take bold action if necessary. Don’t wait for the market to come to you. Evaluate where the property is every week and make your decisions accordingly.
  • Presentation Matters. You never know what a prospective buyer will notice. From the very first day your property hits the market you need to make sure every inch of the property is perfect. Even if you think it is clean enough you need to go the extra mile and have everything professionally cleaned. It is also important that you don’t neglect the exterior. Overgrown bushes, excessive leaves in the yard or rusting gutters can be the think that changes a buyer’s opinion. It’s a cliché but you never get a chance to change a first impression. With excessive demand in most markets you need your property to stand out from the crowd. How the property looks is critical in getting it sold quickly.
  • Accept Right Offer. All sellers want to get the highest price for their property. However when selling a rehab the highest offer may not always be the right one. It is more important that you accept the offer with the greatest chance of actually closing. By accept the wrong offer you set the process backs weeks and possibly longer. You lose all momentum the property has and you are forced to pick up where you left off. The right offer may sometimes mean a little less profit but the security of knowing you can close quickly. With any financed offer you need to look at the strength of the pre-qualification letter. There should be a significant down payment as well as quick mortgage contingency. Don’t just jump at the first offer that comes your way. Take a minute to gauge the strength of the offer and make sure you are comfortable.

The quicker you can turn your rehab over the faster you can move on to the next project. Follow these five tips to help get your next flip sold quickly.

 

4 Most Popular Types Of Real Estate Financing

Everything in real estate starts with obtaining financing. This is the case whether you are a first time homebuyer or a seasoned investor.  How the property is financed often dictates how the rest of the transaction will go.  Purchases backed by hard or private money can be closed in as little as ten days with little to no issues.  Lender financed purchases can be as long as 45 days with multiple hoops to jump through.  Each option has a specific set of strengths and weaknesses based on your short and long term goals and your credit profile.  However you plan on financing your purchase it needs to be firmly in place prior to looking at any properties.  Here are the four most popular type of real estate investing financing.

  • Hard Money Loans. A hard money loan is any loan obtained by an individual or group of individuals for the purposes of purchasing real estate. The number of hard money lenders has grown exponentially over the past decade. What was once a niche group used primarily for foreclosure prevention is now a formidable financing option in almost every market. Hard money lenders are similar yet completely opposite to that of traditional lenders. On one hand they still follow a set of guidelines and criteria like any big bank. On the flipside they base their decisions more on the property than the individual borrower. The ideal hard money candidate is any borrower who is either credit challenged or has trouble documenting their income. A hard money lender will ignore income issues as long as the deal makes sense. The property must have significant appreciation potential and the borrower must have some type of collateral. Using hard money allows the borrower to close quickly and usually close many more deals over the course of the year. The downside is the increased fees and well above average interest rates. A hard money loan is best used for rehabs and flips where the intention is to be in and out as quickly as possible.
  • Private Money Loans. A private money lender is typically one individual lending from their savings or self-directed IRA account. They have probably thought about investing in real estate from some time but did not know exactly where to begin. A private money lender can be any friend, family member or co-worker who has access to capital. They are similar to a hard money lender in that they provide you with the funds and usually step out of the way. They do not want to know about credit guidelines and focus almost solely on their rate of return. They want to know that their yield will be higher on the real estate deal than what they will receive from the yield their money is current in. They are also worried about potential risk and the worst case scenario. A hard money lender knows and understands everything that can go wrong. A private money lender is not as versed in real estate and needs to be walked through the process step by step. As long as you hash out all of the details before any money is exchanged a private money lender can be your best option.
  • Conventional Loan. In the past if you wanted to purchase an investment property your only option was a traditional lender. Much has changed with the mortgage market over the past decade. Long gone are the limited documentation and down payment programs. If you want a loan through a conventional lender you need at least 20% down payment, strong credit scores and low debt to income. Every step of the process is scrutinized and the underwriting guidelines are much stricter. On the flip side interest rates have hovered near all-time lows for the better part of the last few years. If buy and hold rental properties are your focus a conventional loan is your best option. Low rates and strong down payment will help you generate increased cash flow and build equity. There are plenty of hurdles to jump through but conventional loans can be the perfect fit for the right situation.
  • FHA Loan. A great option for a first time investor is the FHA purchase option. An FHA (federal housing administration) loan is one that is back by the government with increased mortgage guidelines. To qualify for an FHA loan a borrower needs to make under a certain income amount for the zip code the property is located in. Not only does FHA offer reduced interest rates but there are differences in guidelines. An FHA borrower can purchase a one or two family property with just 3.5% down payment. This creates a great opportunity for a first time investor looking to minimize their monthly payment. With a two family purchase they can live in one unit while renting the other. They can reap all of the tax benefits associated with rental property ownership as well as greatly reducing their monthly mortgage payment. An FHA loan only applies to owner occupied properties so this can only be used one time. Many investors have gone this route to gauge if they are comfortable with being a landlord and to make their first purchase work for them.

As an investor you need as many different financing options as possible. These are just four of the most popular options.  Find the option that works for you based on the specific deal you are looking at.

5 Step Process To Acquiring Your Next Big Deal

There is a lot that goes into buying a great investment property. It takes a combination of due diligence and hard work in several different areas.  If you let your guard down in any area along the way you open yourself up to trouble.  One mistake with an investment property can end up costing you thousands of dollars.  Regardless if you are looking for your first property or your next big one the steps to buying the right property are the same.  Here is the five step process you should use to acquire your next property.

  1. Write down property goals. Good real estate investment deals come in all shapes, sizes and locations. If you are not careful you can easily fall into the trap of chasing every deal that comes your way. When you start chasing deals you slowly lose focus of what it is that you really want. The first step in getting good deals is to know what you are looking for. List all the items you want in your ideal investment property. Be sure to include specifics on location, price range, size, room count and condition. Use this as a guide to help in your property search. You probably won’t be able to find the perfect property but a list will help you get as close as possible. If you had to choose one item that is most important it should be location. Not only does location help with the resale value but the more you look at properties in a specific area the better you know it. This helps make your buying decisions easier the next time a new deal hits the market.
  2. See every property. Technology has reinvented the way the real estate business is done. You can get most of the information needed to buy online. Between video tours and high quality photography you can almost feel like you are at the property while being 1000 miles away. It is important not to use technology as a crutch. To get the best deals you still need to lay eyes on the property. There is valuable information that can be gained simply by seeing the neighborhood and walking the property. A deal that looks look on paper can turn out to be a real dud. Conversely a deal that you would otherwise pass on can be a home run once you see it. The more properties you look at the easier the due diligence process becomes. Let your eyes determine if the deal is for you and not what you see online.
  3. Make the right offer. Once you have determined that the property is for you the next step is to make an offer. Where and how your offer is made goes a long way in whether or not it is accepted. The most obvious starting point is the price. You need to know which deals you can lowball and which you need to come in strong. On deals with heavy competition a lowball offer will be quickly dismissed. Try to get an understanding on seller motivation before you submit your offer. In addition to price you also need to make sure your contract has the right language. Very few sellers are going to sift through the contract if it is heavy with contingencies. The contact should also be on the correct form and clear to understand. How you plan on financing the property is also important. If you are paying cash you can reduce your offer slightly. If you are using lender financing you should be prepared to make your offer stand out. The final piece is the closing date. No seller wants to wait months to close even if the price is higher. If you really want the property you should be prepared to act as quickly as possible.
  4. Inspections/title. Getting your offer accepted does not necessarily mean it is going to close. You still have a few hurdles to climb. The first task you need to complete is to have all the necessary inspections completed. Your inspector is part of your team. They are compensated the same whether they think the property is flawless or they find significant issues. It is important to work with an inspector that you trust and can turn the report over quickly. Sometimes the best thing you can do is walk away from a deal. If there are issues that are too much to overcome you need to pass and wait for the next one. There are always other deals out there. The other major roadblock at this point is obtaining clean title. You should never assume that the title is cleared. Don’t wait until a week before the closing to get this ordered. If there are liens or other mortgages they need to be removed or paid off before you can close. Tracking down a past lien could take weeks that will delay the closing.
  5. Closing. There are issues that come up at closing all the time. The key is to take a proactive approach and be ready for whatever comes your way. There are times when the house may not be in the move in condition or there are fees that were undisclosed. It is important to keep the big picture in mind. If you are getting a good deal don’t let a few hundred dollars stand in the way of a much bigger prize. Nobody likes to be on the wrong side of a deal but many things are not work walking away from a good deal over. By compromising just a little bit you can get the property and still save face. The goal is not to win the negotiation but to acquire the property. When issues come up at closing work with your attorney and real estate agent and always keep the big picture in mind.

In real estate you are not judged on the quality of your deals and not the quantity. Following these five steps will put you well on your way to closing your next big deal.

The Pros And Cons Of Short Sales

There are hundreds of short sale deals being closed every day. What was once the most popular real estate investing niche has managed to remain relevant in recent years.  While the deep discounts are not as abundant there are still many good deals to be had.  Like any other real estate deal the key is to find properties where you can create value.  If you can get the property at the right price it is well worth the time and effort. That being said short sales may not be for everyone. They require a good amount of work that sometimes goes for naught. However there are still diamonds in the rough if you are willing to find them.

A simple definition of a short sale is a real estate transaction where the lender allows the seller to sell for less than the current amount owed. These types of deals gained nationwide popularity soon after the mortgage collapse.  As home values fell many homeowners owed more than their home was worth.  From a lenders perspective taking a loss on the sale is still better than dealing with a foreclosure.  Not only is a foreclosure costly but can take several months to complete.  Typically the more difficult the property is to sell the deeper the discount for a short sale buyer.  Here are a few pros and cons associated with short sales.

PROS

  • Discounts.  The most obvious reason you would pursue a short sale is for the potential discount. At the height of the short sale craze properties were going for roughly 60 cents on the dollar. The market has since stabilized and lenders do not feel the same urgency to get rid of a bad asset. That being said there are still good discounts available. In most cases the properties with the biggest issues offer the greatest discounts. Once you find a property and get the seller on board you need to present your case to the lender. The more issues you can show the better the discount.
  • They Help The Seller. A short sale is one of the last options before foreclosure. A foreclosure stays on the credit report for anywhere from four to seven years. This impacts the ability to purchase a car, rent a house or apply for a credit card. A short sale still shows up on a credit report but it is far less severe than a foreclosure. Yes, you are potentially making a profit but you are also helping the homeowner out.
  • The Ability To Negotiate. Working with lenders is often seen as a negative associated with short sales. However the opposite is the case. With a short sale you have the ability to partially influence their decision. By supplying a cost of repairs, comparable sales and other negative items there is a chance that they will see the value your way. Ultimately the lender will do their own due diligence but you may be able to influence their decision.

CONS

    • Length Of Transaction. The biggest reason that many investors soured on short sales was with the length of every transaction. On average deals were taking 90 days to close, with some many months longer. It was not uncommon for a short sale to sit idle with a negotiator for several weeks on end. This tied up funds and restricted investors from looking at other deals. This wouldn’t be a problem if the deals ended up closing but many deals had 11th hour issues that prevented them from moving forward.
    • Uncertainty. Closing a short sale requires everyone to be on the same page. It is not enough for a seller to want to sell and a buyer want to buy. You need to lender to agree to your offer. They will do their own independent valuation of the property. When this is done they may accept, counter or outright deny your offer. Even if they do accept the title needs to be cleared and any junior liens satisfied. If there is an issue in any one of these areas the deal goes back to square one.
  • Paperwork. To get a short sale approved the lender underwrites the application in reverse. Instead of seeing that the homeowner has income and assets to pay their mortgage they are looking for reasons they cannot. Typically their needs to be a documented hardship that caused the late payments. The process starts with a lengthy application that includes a financial worksheet. The homeowner needs to supply bank statements, W2’s and a current paystub. With your offer you should include your supporting documentation. A cost of repairs, property damage and comparable listings to support your value. All told there are dozens of pieces of paperwork that must be submitted before the lender will do anything. If one form or document is missing the lender will not start the process. When they ask for additional items your offer may go to the bottom of the pile adding several weeks to the process.

For every investor who avoids short sales there are others who thrive off them. Like anything else you do in real estate you should form your own opinion before making a decision.  Short sales are still being closed every day and in the right situation could be a real home run.

Lender Approval Made Easy With 3 Simple Steps

There are more loan financing options than ever before. Between hard money, private money and personal capital it is easy to forget about traditional lender financing.  Even though banks have gotten a bad rap over the years they are still a very attractive financing option.  The near record low interest rates alone make them a worth a look.  The biggest knocks on bank loans have been the massive amount of paperwork required and the length of time to close.  Banks have recently taken measures to cure these problems.  The application and submission processes have been much more streamlined which has led to quicker closings.  The loan process may have been tweaked but the same basic guidelines are in place.  Here are a few items needed for approval on every bank loan.

1. Strong Credit Scores. Investment loans have some of the most stringent guidelines of any loan program. Due to the fact they are not a primary residence they are considered a much greater risk factor. Because of this they require many items that a primary residence loan does not. One of the first items required is a strong credit score. The floor on investment loans is much higher than any other loan type. Most banks require a minimum 720 score. In terms of credit score rating a 720 is considered excellent. You can pay everything on time and very easily have a score below 720. Not only do you need timely payments but low balances on almost every account. Your 720 score has to be the middle of the three reporting credit bureaus (Experian, Equifax & Transunion). Simply having one of these three over 720 may not be enough to move forward. You can have significant down payment and low debt but if your credit scores are excellent you may have trouble getting approved.

2. High Down Payment. There has been an increase in the amount of loan programs for buyers with limited down payment. FHA and certain conventional loans offer programs as low as 3% down. Unfortunately these are for primary residence borrowers only. With an investment property the down payment is much higher. Depending on the exact credit score you will need anywhere from 20-30% down. Unlike with other loans these funds are required to come from only the borrower’s accounts. No gift funds or non-borrower contributions are allowed. Another potential problem is that the down payment needs to be in an existing account for at least 60 days. This “seasoning” of the funds is done so that no outside money can be used to contribute to the transaction. Any transfers to accounts need to be supported with full statements showing funds going to and from accounts. Documenting of funds can be a tricky process often times filled with multiple statements of paperwork. On these statements if there are any large deposits or withdrawals they will be questioned. Simply having the down payment funds is not enough to move forward. With an investment loan they have to be seasoned and every dollar explained and documented.

3. Low Debt To Income. The third hurdle for loan approval is the debt to income ratio. You may think that having strong income alone is enough to grant loan approval. Strong income is just a part of the process. To calculate the debt to income ratio lenders add up all of the minimum monthly payments listed on the credit score. They will add this number to the proposed monthly housing payment. This is the total debt number. From there they will take the annual gross income and divide that number by twelve. With this they divide your debt by your income. With an investment loan this number typically needs to be around 40%. Calculating income comes with a few hurdles. The first is that you may not document all of the income you receive. Secondly the lender will only use 75% of your total rental income. Even if you have sufficient income to support the loan your debt to income needs to fall under this number. Long gone are the stated income and low documentation loan programs. There may be a lender or two that still does them but the interest rates are nowhere near traditional bank levels. Before you start your loan application you should get a copy of your credit report and see where your monthly liabilities are.

If you have received a pre-qualification letter and loan approval is not an issue you need to consider the benefits. The first is that banks offer by far the lowest monthly interest rates.  If you are considering a hard money loan you can expect interest rates two or even three times as high.  You also need to think about how long you plan on holding the property for.  If the purchase is a quick rehab interest rates may not be as big of a factor.  If it is a rental property that you want to keep in your portfolio for years a 30 year fixed mortgage is the perfect option.  Think about how quickly you need to close and what hurdles you may have to deal with.  If you are looking to close in a short timeframe a bank loan may not make the most sense.  The first step is to talk to your local lender or mortgage broker to see if you are qualified.  From there take each deal on a case by case basis to determine the best financing option.  You never know when you will need, or want, a bank loan.

 

Buy And Hold Rental Basics

It wasn’t too long ago that buy and hold rentals were the most popular form of real estate investing. While the popularity of this niche has declined in recent years it is still as profitable as ever.  Finding the right rental property in the right market can supply the perfect mix of short term monthly cash flow along with long term benefits.  For as many investors have taken advantage of rentals there are still quite a few who are on the sidelines.  They have heard horror stories about bad tenants, changing market conditions and nonstop management issues.  Even though these are the exception rather than the rule this is the impression that many non-rental owners have.  Deciding on whether a rental property is for you depends on your real estate goals as well as your resources.  Here are a few pros and cons associated with buy and hold rental properties.

PROS:

  • Monthly Cash Flow. The first benefit of a solid rental property is the monthly cash flow it provides. This should continue for as long as you own the property. What you do with your cash flow is entirely up to you. One month you may allocate some of the funds for property maintenance. The next you can use it to pay down monthly debt. Whatever you choose to do the cash flow received will be higher than the yield you would receive from a savings account. As long as you take care of the property and find good tenants this cash flow should be available for the foreseeable future.
  • Immune To Market Fluctuations. With a long term approach to your rental property you are not as worried about market fluctuations. On a rehab property you are trying to time the market for maximum return. With a rental property you are not as interested in where current property values are. Your goal is to ride out the fluctuations for years until you own the property free and clear or decide the time is right to sell. This allows you to focus on other areas of your business and not stress about the market.
  • Potential Appreciation. With rental property investing the focus is on the future. It is never advisable to buy anything based on the potential value but the possibility is there with a rental property. With your down payment as well as ten years of monthly payments you will eat away much of your principal balance. Most markets have stabilized but still not fully taken off. This means there is plenty of room for future gains and appreciation. This makes for a great retirement vehicle or an avenue of forced savings.
  • Tax Benefits. There are a handful of tax benefits to consider with a rental property. You have the ability to write off a good number of expenses associated with the property. You also can use depreciation in your favor. With the help of a quality accountant a rental property can be a real benefit come tax time.

CONS:

  • Property Management. To run a successful rental property you need to stay on top of it. It is not enough to simply find a tenant, give them a key and wait for rent checks to roll in. There will be maintenance issues, problems with rent collection and trouble finding the perfect tenants. The best way to solve this is by having a dedicated property manager handle everything. This only works if there is enough monthly cash flow left over to fit it in the budget. Regardless of the property management is always a big concern.
  • Down Payment. One of the biggest hurdles to investment property ownership is the amount of down payment. Most one or two family investment properties require a down payment of anywhere from 20-25%. This is in addition to the closing costs and prepaid property tax requirements. Once you get into the property you still need funds for repairs, applications and monthly maintenance. With a long term approach you may not get your money out for several years.
  • Vacancy Concerns. As a rental property owner you are only as good as your tenants. You can do everything else right but if your tenant stops paying you are in trouble. The threat of a vacancy is always in the air with a rental property. You are only one month away from things getting turned upside down. If you are forced to deal with an eviction not only do you lose the current monthly income but it changes the way you view the property. One bad tenant can have an impact that lasts several months.
  • Cash Investment. There is an old expression in real estate that cash is king. When you have a rental property your cash is tied up and at the mercy of the market. Even putting down a large down payment does not necessarily give you the option of taking it out if you need to. Many lenders have made second mortgages or refinancing very difficult to obtain. Plus, there is no guarantee that property values will rise in the future. If you are thinking about a rental property be prepared to have your cash tied up for many years.

There are many investors who have made great amounts of income through rental properties. These investors are more concerned about ten years from now rather than what will happen in the next 60 days.  Rental properties can truly change your portfolio for the better but are not without some downside.  Before you commit to a buy and hold property you should know exactly what you are getting into

– See more at: http://www.cthomesllc.com/2016/04/buy-and-hold-rental-basics/#sthash.YBf0j29h.dpuf

Building And Developing Your Wholesale Buyers List

Building and developing a strong buyer list is one of the keys for any new wholesaler. You can have a great deal but unless it sells it doesn’t make a difference.  Like any other aspect of the real estate business strength is in numbers.  The wider your net is the better chance you have of attracting a buyer.  Fortunately, it is easier than ever to build your list.  There are a few simple things you can do generate interest.  From there you need to turn that interest into actual deals.  Wholesaling deals are a great way to generate income but you need to have a strong buyers list.  Here are a few ways to build and develop your list.

Building:

  • Personal Contacts. When looking to build your list the very first thing you should do is look at your personal contacts. You may be surprised at just how many people you know have an interest in real estate. Start by making a list of everyone you know. Be sure to include any friends, family, co-workers, ex-coworkers and anyone you know. There is no reason to leave anyone out. You truly have no idea who may have an interest in real estate or know someone who does. Take your list and email every address available. The email should state that you have recently begun investing in real estate and may have access to deals in the area. If they want more information to give you an email or call back. It really doesn’t need to be much more elaborate than that. You will get your share of skeptical emails but the handful that do respond are the ones you should focus on.
  • Professional Contacts. If you have been in the real estate business for any time you should reach out to your contacts. Every real estate agent, attorney, mortgage broker and fellow investor probably knows someone that buys real estate. Just as you did with your personal contacts start by sending them an email. With this list you should be prepared to answer more specific questions regarding locations and price points. There may be a question or two of how you find your deals or what you may be looking for. It is important to track every response that gets back to you.
  • Bandit Signs. There are other ways to build your buyers list other than the people you know. Every bandit sign that says “we buy houses” is a potential opportunity. Take the time to call each bandit sign you see. There will be a few calls that will be annoyed that you called but for the most part the response will be positive. You aren’t selling anything. All you are doing is giving them an opportunity to potentially get a great deal on a property. If they want to take it fine, if not there are other buyers out there.
  • Real Estate Websites. Between Craigslist, Trulia and Postlets you can find a handful of potential buyers. On Craigslist alone you should be able to add to your buyers list. Every post from a seller could be from a potential buyer. Take a few minutes every day and reach out to these posts. The same is the case with rental listings. You never know which rental property owner is also an active buyer. The only way is to find out. The worst thing that they can say is no.

Developing:

  • Track Responses. Getting responses from your calls or emails is great but you need to do something with these leads. The best way to quickly sell a wholesale deal is by having motivated buyers. The only way to gauge motivation is by tracking your results. Everyone that responds should be sent a small questionaire asking questions about price points, locations and types of properties they are looking for. You don’t have to make this too long but you do want to get an idea of what they may be looking for. The more you know about your buyers tastes the easier it is to find deals they may be looking for.
  • Keep In Touch. Your communication shouldn’t stop after your initial email. Once you build your list you should keep in touch every few weeks. A monthly newsletter is a nice way to keep your name on the mind of potential buyers. Anyone that doesn’t want to remain on should have the option of opting out. Even if there is no response at all you should continue sending these out. The odds are that most recipients are reading your emails but may not have an interest in buying at the current moment. The longer you keep with it the more interested they will be when they are ready.
  • Set A Meeting. You can’t expect buyers to work with you unless they have a good idea of what they are getting into. A meeting will often put them at ease. You don’t need to have a fancy dinner to get your point across. Something as simple as a cup of coffee can be just as effective. What you eat is not as important as the information you provide. The more transparent you are the more comfortable they will be. If there are questions you should ask if they want to meet rather than answering them over the internet. A face to face meeting is a great way to make a prospective buyer feel comfortable.

A strong buyers list will make your job as a wholesaler as easy as possible. Developing this list is usually a cultivation of actions over time.  By doing something every day to develop your list you will slowly see the results.

– See more at: http://www.cthomesllc.com/2016/04/building-and-developing-your-wholesale-buyers-list/#sthash.itPJu4N1.dpuf